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JASWINDER SINGH & PAWAN KUMAR

A Study Of Problem Solving Ability Among Secondary School Students In Relation To Their Self- Efficacy

ABSTRACT 

Problem solving is a process of overcoming difficulties that appear to interfere with the attainment of a goal. It is a procedure of making adjustment in spite of interferences. Learning is a cycle of being introduced to new information, organizing this information and understanding its real world applications, and finally integrating the material into our memory to develop problem solving ability for future decision making. Higher Secondary School students are at present developing their own problem solving ability and learning style. It has been found that persons having higher intelligence and learning capacity can solve the complex problems quickly. Therefore, it is necessary for developing better learning style on one hand and also on the other hand developing problem solving ability through proper education and training. People evaluate their experiences and thought process through self-reflection. The belief the people hold about their capabilities powerfully influence the way in which they behave. People can't accomplish task beyond their capabilities simply by their belief. For competent functioning individual needs harmony between self-beliefs, proper skills and knowledge. Hence self-perception of capabilities and self-efficacy beliefs help to stand first and acquire success in life. In the present study researcher selected four schools randomly. Further, 120 students of class 6th were selected by the researcher by random sampling technique. Problem solving ability test developed and standardized by L.N. Dubey and Self efficacy scale developed and standardized by Dr. G.B.Mathur& R. K. Bhatnagar were used to collect the data. Researcher concluded that a positive and significant relationship was found between self efficacy and problem solving ability among secondary school students.

 

PROBLEM SOLVING ABILITY

Problem solving means many things to many people. For some, it includes an attitude or predisposition toward inquiry as well as the actual processes by which individuals attempt to gain knowledge. Usually, when teachers discuss problem solving on the part of students, they anticipate students will become involved with the thinking operations of analysis, synthesis, and evaluation (considered as higher-level thinking skills). Krulik and Rudnick (1980) also define problem solving as the means by which an individual uses previously acquired knowledge, skills, and understanding to satisfy the demands of an unfamiliar situation. The student must synthesize what he or she has learned, and apply it to a new and different situation. Real world situations require creativity. However, it has often been claimed that traditional classrooms or teaching approaches do not focus on developing the creative faculty of students.

An important goal of education is helping students learn how to while solving problems think more productively, by combining creative thinking (to generate ideas) and critical thinking (to evaluate ideas).